A cool-season crop is defined as a vegetable that grows best with temperatures approximately 15-18°C (60-65°F). Cool-season crops can tolerate light to moderate frosts, but are intolerant of high summer temperatures. Direct seeding of most cool-season crops can be done once soil can be worked with the exceptions of broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower which would be better started by transplants.

List of cool weather crops:

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Kale
  • Kohl Rabi
  • Lettuce
  • Peas
  • Radish
  • Spinach
  • Turnips

Vegetables that grow well at warmer temperatures but can also be planted at the same time as cool weather varieties:

  • Beets
  • Carrots
  • Chard
  • Parsley
  • Parsnips